dpp questions

[FAQ] Digital Product Passport (DPP)


The adoption of ESPR and implementation of DPP can be quite challenging and of course, many questions arise regarding general understanding and technical requirements.



Here are the most common questions regarding Digital Product Passport (DPP) and the respective answers.



Digital Product Passport


1.What is the Digital Product Passport (DPP)?

The Digital Product Passport (DPP) initiative is part of the Ecodesign for Sustainable Products Regulation (ESPR) and one of the key actions under the EU’s Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP). DPP is an integral part of ESPR.


2. What is the Digital Product Passport (DPP) in practice?

A digital product passport (DPP) is a digital record of a unique product’s complete life cycle, storing key traceability data about the product. This data aims to support the circular economy, decarbonization, and sustainability. The EU Digital Product Passport helps to create sustainable value chains. The passports standardize the information that manufacturers must include for every product.


3. What are the goals of DPP?

The project set multiple key goals related to ensuring product sustainability, producing less waste, and empowering consumers to make more informed decisions on product purchases. More specifically, DPP would impact:


  • Provable Sustainability
  • Lifecycle Tracking
  • Circularity
  • Data Transparency
  • Ownership Verification
  • Brand Protection
  • Customer Experience


4. What could be a DPP data carrier?

The access to DPP data will take place through a data carrier such as RFID, QR code, or NFC.


5. What is the DPP system?

A centralized system that will be provided by the EC and will define the basic, common requirements for all sector and product categories.


  • Technological, architectural standards (8 separate areas) object of development in (CEN/CENELEC – JTC24)
  • Central Registry of the DPP
  • DPP Portal to access DPP data

6. What is DPP data?

Information will be product-group specific and identified through dedicated legislation (Delegated Acts).


7. What is the defined granularity of DPP data?

There are 3 levels of data granularity:


i) Model

ii) Batch

iii) Item


8. In terms of security and level of data access, are there different types of DPP data?

There are two types of DPP data:


  • Public
  • Restricted


9. For which products are required DPP?

European Commission is in the process of identifying Priority Products for the first Digital Product Passports.

According to the currently available information “first working plan to be adopted in the first 9 months of ESPR implementation and include:


Intermediate products – Iron & Steel, Aluminium


Final products – Textiles, Furniture, Tires, Detergents, Paints, Lubricants, Chemicals, Energy related products, Information and communication technology products, and other electronics”


At the time of the writing, the European Council had adopted the ESPR which was the last step in the decision-making procedure. After being signed by the President of the European Parliament and the President of the Council, the regulation will be published in the Official Journal of the European Union and will enter into force on the 20th day following that of its publication. It will apply from 24 months after the entry into force.


10. Who are the key stakeholders?

Under the Ecodesign for Sustainable Products Regulation (ESPR), key stakeholders who should have access to a DPP (based on varying permissions and access rights) include:


  • Customers
  • Manufacturers
  • Importers
  • Distributors
  • Repairers
  • Remanufacturers
  • Recyclers
  • Market surveillance authorities
  • Customs authorities
  • Civil society organizations
  • Trade unions
  • European Commission


11. What is obliged to do the Economic Operator placing a product on the market to comply with DPP?

Economic Operator will have to ensure:


  • DPP Data (unique product identifier, unique economic operator identifier, unique facility identifier, and additional data for automatic checks by custom authorities)
  • Access to circularity data by consumers, end-users (e.g. recyclers), authorities
  • Access to sustainability data by consumers, end-users (e.g. recyclers), authorities
  • Access to other product-related data by consumers, end-users (e.g. recyclers), authorities
  • Access to compliance-related documents by consumers, end-users (e.g. recyclers), authorities


12. What are the requirements for the Digital Product Passport (DPP)?

  • A product passport exists and it complies with the requirements (Art.9, Art.10)
  • The product passport is complete, including the mandatory information (listed in the corresponding product group-specific Delegated Act)
  • The passport includes authentic, reliable, and verified information following the requirements (listed in the corresponding product group-specific Delegated Act)
  • The availability of a backup copy of the DPP, stored by a third-party product passport service provider
  • The availability of a copy of the data carrier/ unique product identifier to dealers and online marketplaces that sell the concrete product